Operas

Tchaikovsky Research
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Tchaikovsky completed eleven operas between 1867 and 1891:

TH ČW Opus Title Description Year
1 1 3 The Voyevoda Opera in 3 acts and 4 scenes 1867–68
2 2 Undina Opera in 3 acts 1869
3 3 The Oprichnik Opera in 4 acts and 5 scenes 1870–72
4 4 14 Vakula the Smith Opera in 3 acts and 8 scenes 1874
5 5 24 Yevgeny Onegin Lyrical scenes in 3 acts and 7 tableaux 1877–78
6 6 The Maid of Orleans Opera in 4 acts and 6 scenes 1878–79
7 7 Mazepa Opera in 3 acts and 6 scenes 1881–83
8 8 Cherevichki Opera in 4 acts and 8 scenes 1885
9 9 The Enchantress Opera in 4 acts 1885–87
10 10 68 The Queen of Spades Opera in 3 acts, 7 scenes 1890
11 11 69 Iolanta Lyric opera in 1 act 1891

In addition to the above projects, single scenes survive for two further operas which were not completed: Mandragora (1869–70) and Romeo and Juliet (1878–81)

Tchaikovsky also gave serious consideration to the following operatic subjects: Hyperbola (1854); The Storm (1864–67 ?); The Palm (?1867–68); Alexander of Macedon (1868); Raimond Lully (1870); Ephraim (1875–76); Francesca da Rimini (1876); Othello (1876–77); Undina (1878-93); Les Caprices de Marianne (1878-88); Vanka the Steward (1881); The Captain's Daughter (1885–88); The Bayadere (1888); La Courtisane, or Sadia (1888–91); Béla (1889–93); The Sad Fortunes of the Reverend Amos Barton (1893); Mister Gilfil's Love Story (1893); and Adam Bede (1893).

He also provided additional recitatives and an introductory chorus to Auber's opera Le domino noir (1868), and adapted Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro for the Russian stage (1875).